Canaan dog, like the Australian dingo and Carolina dog a so-called "Semi-wild" dog. They are feral dogs that descended from the earliest domesticated dogs. Canaan Dog is one of the very few breeds/types that have adapted to desert climates. Studies conducted at Tel Aviv University and Ben Gurion University of the Negev have shown that the Canaan Dog has a rare ability to adapt to extreme temperatures and dehydration. Since they often live in mountainous regions, they have a good balance and great agility.
They live in family groups in the same way as the wolf. Semi-Wild dogs generally live in stable family groups than "village dogs" does.
Bedouins have long lived with the Canaan Dog. They have used dogs to guard the tent camps. Like many village dogs they serve also as babysitters. Bedouins get their dogs from the desert. Remarkably, they do not breed in the trapped dogs, but mainly making new puppies from the desert.
When the Haganah (Jewish defense forces) would establish a dog unit, it turned to Professor Rudolphina Menzel, psychologist and dog trainer. Then the usual service dog breeds could not survive the warm climate and the harsh terrain, Professor Menzel began to watch the local wild dog. Here she found a dog, with all the qualities she sought in order to get a good service dog - an alert and agile dog, territorial and with highly developed senses (according to Russian research has not domesticated dogs a better sense of smell than domesticated). She lured them into his camp and started to gain their trust. She also captured litters of wild-born pups, which she found incredibly simple, to tame. The first successful adult "catch," she called Dugma. It took her six months to catch him, and after just a few weeks in captivity, she could take him into town by bus. She had great success with their dogs, service dogs for the Haganah. They were fantastic in his guard work and proved very successful in patrolling and track work. They were also one of the first breeds of dog, trained to find mines. The breed named her to the Canaan Dog after the country's old name. Professor Menzel was careful to preserve the breed's natural characteristics. When there were opportunities there, so it was mixed into wild dogs in the program.
Israeli Kennel Club approved the Canaan Dog 1953. 1965 Prof. Menzel exported four Canaan Dog to the USA. In the same year was the first Canaan Dog sent into England. It was a wild born female from Syria. Shortly thereafter, several dogs were exported to Germany. 1966 also approved the FCI breed. The breed standard was then written by Professor Menzel. After her death in 1973, the breed has been taken over by Myrna Shiboleth (kennel Shaar Hagai) and bred elsewhere. The first Canaan Doge came to Sweden in 1999.
Canaan Dog is a numerically small breed. The breed exists in approximately 15 countries. Altogether there are currently around 3000 Canaan Dog. Even today bred wild dogs in, both from the desert and the Bedouins. But it is getting harder and harder to find wild Canaan Dog. One of the reasons is the strict rabies control in Israel, including the eradication of stray dog packs. Another reason is the spread of civilization, which severely limits the living space for wild Canaan Dog. Since the breed today, largely based on these crossings, there is unfortunately a poor forward planning for the day when no more wild dogs can get.
Number Canaan Dog: approx 100
Puppies in the Swedish litters had a very large variety of type, size and color. Out of the litters we have are only those of the same combination! Thus the combination of the parents has been used on only one occasion.
The "turnover" on active kennels in Europe is high. New and old come to the end. In contrast, the number of active relatively constant, ca. 5 pc .. This means that the race is constantly going through several small "bottlenecks", to then be mixed up again.
Cooperation between the European kennels, however, is large and active. New dogs from Israel are regularly taken into the breed. In contrast, genetic exchange with the United States very little.
Canaan dog have no known hereditary diseases. Nature's own breeding selection is a big part of the explanation for this. Cases of HD, PRA, patella luxation, and autoimmune diseases have been observed in individual dogs.
In the current situation is great variety of type, size and color of the Canaan Dog.
In recent years, demand for black dogs increased. This has led to an overrepresentation of black dogs and breeding them. This trend now seems to wear off.
One can also see a tendency for dogs is increasing. There are currently males weighing up to 35 kg. The breed's maximum weight is 25 kg.
Semi-Wild dogs are less pronounced flight response than village dogs. This means that they usually work well in our society. Already the first captured the dogs stood out because they were easier to tame and had a great adaptability to different environments.
The reaction ability of the Canaan Dog is highly developed. This means they are alert, on everything that happens around them.
Wild Dogs have a very strong self-preservation, and a strong motivation to avoid all kinds of dangers. Therefore, it is typical for the breed to be a little cautious with strangers and strange situations. They should however not be reserved and shy! The individuals who exhibit this behavior should not be conceived of.
They have a great capacity for learning and a major language of security against other dogs and other species (eg humans). This makes it an easy dog to work with. It quickly understand what is expected of it.
Canaan Dog is a territorial dog, and therefore has a certain desire to guard.
When the race yacht is expressed almost exclusively in herding behavior, the Canaan Dog is usually easy to train to be loose.
Already Professor Menzel described the large individual variation of behaviors and responses that were among the first captured the dogs. This has not changed until today. Few races exhibit a large variety of mental properties that precisely Canaan Dog.
Canaan Dog is now used almost exclusively as pets and show. Isolated individuals competing in obedience and agility. In Finland, a working group Canaan Dog as sled dogs. In the U.S., several Canaan Dog as herding dogs. Unfortunately, the breed's use as a service dog almost completely ceased. Improved dog facilities and a greater knowledge of how to avoid overheating, has made it possible for the Israeli military to use "regular" service dog breeds. The scarcity of wild dogs were also given as the cause of the Canaan Dog is not used as a service dog today. A claim that raises some questions.
Of course, breeders and breed club pay attention to the aforementioned diseases, or other, did not become common in the breed.
Dogs that show signs of aging, should not be used for breeding. This is to avoid an increased risk of defects in the offspring.
The wild dog type and movement patterns should be preserved unchanged. Even the great variation in color, type and size to be preserved. Of course, within the limits breed standard prescribes. Excesses that focus on just one color or large dogs should be avoided.
Even in the mentality of the breed's origin behaviors and large variety preserved.
Canaan dog has the potential to be used for much more than just companionship. There are primarily three different "dog" professions that can suit this breed.
That the Canaan Dog is an appropriate service dog, talking race-specific properties, as unspoiled sense of smell, extreme heat resistance and a large "territorial defense". Additionally, the breed has been tested to the task under the toughest conditions, with very good results. Their suitability as a service dog should be exploited to a greater extent. Puppy Buyers will be encouraged to MH test their dogs.
In the USA, race tested as herding. Approximately 50% of all tested dogs was approved in this "aptitude test".
Canaan dog has as mentioned above, an unspoiled sense of smell and an unusual ability to withstand extreme heat and dehydration. Additionally, the breed has good balance and great agility. This is because the Canaan Dog in the wild live in rocky and mountainous areas. A more favorable than that to become a rescue dog, is difficult to imagine.
Today's breeders should therefore have the same goals as Professor Rudolphina Menzel, to preserve the breed, its natural features, and great variety of type, color and size.
To breed the Canaan Dog is a double task, in addition to breed healthy and secure individuals, we must breed also aim at preserving one of the few semi-wild dogs of the future.
Canaan Dog is a medium sized, light rectangular and strong dog who expresses much of the wild dog's characteristics. It's a big difference in sexual characteristics between males and females ..
Head: Medium, shaped like a blunt wedge. Plan skull, fairly wide, which is underlined by the low set ears. Weak but pronounced stop. Powerful muzzle, powerful jaws, dry lips, black nose.
Eyes: Dark brown, almond-shaped eye holes, dark eye rims.
Ears: Erect, relatively short and broad, slightly rounded at tip and set low.
Bite: Scissors - or level bite.
Neck: Medium length, muscular.
Body: Well-developed shoulders, flat back, strong loin. Deep but not very broad chest, well sprung ribs. Tuck up. Moderate angles of both front and rear.
Legs: Straight front legs, strong bone, strong and well muscled hindquarters, low hocks.
Feet: Round, well knuckled, with strong pads.
Tail: Set on high, bristly and carried curled over their backs.
MOVEMENT: Light, energetic.
Coat: Short to medium, hard and straight. Dense and rich undercoat.
Colour: Cream to reddish brown, white, black or stained with or without mask. Black mask with white markings are permitted in all colors.
Height: 50 - 60 cm, males larger than females.
Weight: 18 - 30 kg